Past Projects & Publications

Exploring the Interfaces between Offshore Oil and Gas and Renewables


This report is a reflection on the structure of the workshop “Exploring the Interfaces Between Offshore Oil and Gas and Renewables” organised by ICOE Research on behalf of the Crown Estate in collaboration with the Renewable Energy Institute, held on the 27th of February 2014.  The proceedings were structured under three main sections: Spatial Factors, Operational Factors and Legislative Factors. Under each of these headings a summary of the presentations given in the plenary sessions, followed by the issues and recommendations raised by the breakout groups are given. Overall, these provide a record of the current collaborative challenges and future opportunities facing offshore industries. 

The Crown Estate’s initiation of this workshop came as a response to the opportunities yet to be realised in the marine environment. Several challenges, including high costs, environmental issues and regulations, are confronting the industries working in shared seas; however, there are also many opportunities for collaboration. Interactions between the users of the marine environment are inevitable due to the high ambitions for low carbon energy and the increasing demand for oil and gas extraction.


The aim of this workshop was to invite leading decision-makers and key experts from various offshore industries to discuss their concerns regarding marine planning and potential overlaps or conflicts. We hope that this platform may serve to identify issues in current practice and promote collaboration for the achievement of shared goals. The exchange of knowledge, problem-solving skills and expertise in the offshore environment will allow for a more secure Offshore Industry.

North Sea Oil and the Environment


This book collates and records the experience of government, the Oil Industry, conservationists and other stakeholders concerning North Sea Oil operations. It is not only a historical account; it ensures that the lessons learned are documented accurately and thus available for reference world-wide. The nature and extent of the research presented within this publication is unparalleled. The book acknowledges that the growth of the Oil and Gas Industry has been contemporaneous with the growth of global concern  regarding environmental protection and resource conservation, initiated by the First International Human Environmental Conference, Stockholm, 1972. It provides an authoritative reference source for practitioners, educational and research institutions world-wide, which are faced with similar types of development and environmental problems. 


The North Sea experience clearly demonstrates that with wisdom, forethought and goodwill, developers of natural resources can operate economically with legislative policy, scientific, technical and design parameters without causing long-term irreversible environmental damage.

Onshore Impacts of Offshore Oil


This book represents the proceedings of a conference held in Edinburgh, from the 28th of September to the 1st of October 1980. The conference was attended by industrialists and environmental planners from Europe, EEC, Norway, UK and North America, concerned with the impact of offshore Oil development. The paper describes how effective planning, legislation and advice from Governments can enable industrial development to proceed while minimising   ecological, social and economic disruption. At the same it describes how this approach helps to avoid delay, optimise rewards and ensure durability. The conference identified vital lessons, which, if ignored, are detrimental to the future of offshore oil developments.


Carbon Capture & Disposal - Challenges & Opportunities


The purpose of this report is intended to raise awareness and understanding of carbon capture and disposal and to identify the business opportunities thereto. This report is aimed at small and medium sized businesses in Scotland who have the capability to response to the opportunities arising from investment in carbon capture and disposal technologies. Investment can be traced from the technologies used to capture CO2 at source emissions through the infrastructure associated with transport and ultimately to the techniques used in disposal. All theses areas yield existing and potential business opportunities where expertise, equipment and services could be utilised  to resolve the two main issues central to development of CCD technologies:


  • Lowering the cost of carbon capture and disposal (CCD) technologies

  • Establishing the long-term safe and effective disposal CO2


Opportunities also exist to expand current markets in the transport of CO2 for its use in enhanced oil recovery.


This report will enable businesses to understand the language used in describing CCD and the issues involved in the reduction of emissions and the sequestration of CO2 in the three key reservoir types i.e., oceanic, geologic and biological. It should promote dialogue between businesses that could potentially gain  more through collaboration with each other and close contact with stakeholders and debate of the main issues. However, there is no substitute for action. This report will therefore act as a starting point from which active participation by businesses will lead to a cohesive strategy from market entry can be enabled.

Preliminary Appraisal of CCD Market Opportunities


In their acceptance of the report “Carbon Capture and Disposal: Challenges and Opportunities” Scottish Enterprise Energy commissioned further work in the form of a preliminary assessment of the CCD market, both national; and international, with the purpose of identifying and defining lead market sectors in this emergent field. The primary focus of this study, therefore, has been to analyse, assess and report on the market opportunities for Scottish companies, both domestic and overseas. This is an emergent market that raises questions, for which answers are sought in relation to the segmentation, size, location and timing of these business opportunities and the key player involved.